The 28th State of India Jharkhand brought into existence by the Bihar State Reorganisation Act on 15th Nov 2000 with 22 districts which now has risen to 24 districts distributed over an area of 79,714 sq km. The territory of this state is bound by the state of Bihar on the north, West Bengal on the east, Orissa on the south & Chhattisgarh on the west.
The state extends between 22 degrees north and 22.50 degrees north latitudes and 83 degrees east and 87.775 degrees east latitudes approx.
Physically, Jharkhand is characterized by the Chhotanagpur Plateau, which further consists of series of plateaux of different elevations-ie. Ranchi plateau, Ramgarh plateau and Hazaribagh plateau. Technically, these regions have witnessed three organic movements, which are also responsible for the rich mineral deposits. Jharkhand has some of the richest deposits of iron & coal in the world. It is also blessed with rich fauna & flora.
Jharkhand is generously endowed with such mineral wealth, which probably no other state in the country can boast of 33% of the country's coal reserves are in Jharkhand. It also inherits various other minerals like iron ore, bauxite, copper, chromite, china clay, dolomite, granite, mica, magnetite, titanium, tungsten, uranium, kainite, gold, feldspar, quartzite etc. Besides minerals, Jharkhand is fertile land, providing tremendous scope for hydel power generation, horticulture and floriculture. The state offers a large pool of trained manpower, good educational and technical institutes, research laboratories, favourable industries, climate, good rail, road & telecommunication network.

Population, Geography & Infrastructure

Population

3.29 crore

.

ST

.

28% of total

SC

.

12% of total

Per capita Income

Rs. 4161

.

Density of Population

338 persons / Sq. KM

.

No. of Districts

24

.

No. of Sub divisions

33

.

No. of Blocks

259

.

No. of Villages

32620

.

No. of Villages Electrified

14667

45 % of total

No. of Villages connected by roads

8484

.

National Highways

1006 KMs

.

State Highways

4662 KMs

.

Health centers

506

.

Schools

21386

.

Universities

5

Incl. One deemed University

Total Geographical Area

79.70 Lakh Hect

.

Cultivable Land

38.00 Lakh Hect

.

Net Sown Area

18.04 Lakh Hect

25% of total area

Net Irrigated Area

01.57 Lakh Hect

8% of net sown area

Forest

.

29% of total area

Economic Profile
Population (2001 Census) 2.7 crore
Males 1.39 crore
Females 1.31 crore
Urban Population % 22.25
Literacy Rate (Census 2001) in % 53.60
Male Literacy in % 67.30
Male Literacy in no 0.77 crore
Female Literacy in % 38.90
Female Literacy in no 0.42 crore
NSDP at current prices(2002-03) 27358 crore
Per CAPITA NSDP (2002-03) at current prices 9955 crore

OCCUPATIONAL DISTRIBUTION:            LAC

PARTICULARS NO. %
Total Population 218.44 100
Total Non- Workers 136.24 62.36
Total Main Workers 68.25 31.24
Cultivators 34.49 15.79
Agriculture Labourers 13.98 6.40
Livestock, Forestry & others 0.34 0.16
Mining & Query 3.10 1.42
House hold Industries 1.52 0.70
Other Manufacturing Industries 3.03 1.39
Construction 0.75 0.34
Trade & Commerce 3.17 1.45
Transport & storage 1.50 0.69
Other Services 6.37 2.92
Marginal workers 13.95 6.39

 SIZE OF HOLDINGS:

LAND HOLDINGS

NO.

Less than I Ha.

11.09 lac

1 to 2 Ha.

4.90 lac

Above 2 Ha.

7.72 lac

 ECONOMIC PROFILE & DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS OF JHARKHAND

Population (2001 census)

2.70 crore

Population Mix

Rural- 78.75%

[Male-51.68%, Female-48.32%]

Urban-22.25%[Male-51.69%, Female- 48.31%]
SC-11.85%
St-27.67%

Sex Ratio

935 Female per 1000 Male.

Males

1.39 crore

Females

1.31 crore

Urban population %

22.25

Literacy Rate (census 2001) in %

53.60

Male literacy in  %

67.30

Male literacy in numbers

0.77 crore

Female literacy in  %

38.90

Female literacy in numbers

0.42 crore

Average Rain Fall

1272.05 Ml Meter

BPL Population

23.22 Families [61.57% of total families] constituting 57.0% of the population.

NSDP at current prices (2002-03)

27358 crore

PER CAPITA NSDP (2002-03) at current prices

9955 crore

AGRO CLIMATIC ZONE:

Central & Northern Plateau

Landscape is rolling & undulating dominated by mining areas. Series of vallies with hill ranges.

Western Plateau

Plains, Hilly tracts & sloppy land.

South Eastern Plateau

Hilly areas alternating with villages, steep mountains, deep forests and river basins.

 ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS:

DISTRICTS

22

SUB DIVISIONS

33

BLOCKS

211

POLICE STATIONS

303

VILLAGES

32637

TOWNS

135

NO. OF HOUSE HOLDS

3809000

DENSITY OF POPULATION

274

MINERAL RESOURCES:                                                     [LAC TONNES]

INDICATORS

JHARKHAND

SHARE IN ALL INDIA

COAL

62084.85

32.09

IRON ORE

3083.26

31.84

LIME STONE

572.25

1.05

COPPER ORE

93.06

25.94

BAUXITE

111.04

3.65

PYRITE

52.00

90.98

CHINA CLAY

41.78

4.80

KAYNITE

113.00

8.33

FIRECLAY

47.88

6.81

DOLOMITE

47.20

0.81

GRAPHITE

3.50

57.47

BENTONITE

1.15

0.31

SOAPSTONE

0.18

0.31

QUARTZ & SILICA SAND

148.27

19.02

Major Industries
Coal Mining
Heavy Engineering
Tussar Silk
Steel Industries
Information Technology
Tourism

                                               

Economic Infrastructure of Jharkhand
The state has adequate infrastructure for ensuring rapid industrial growth. A good network of roads, railways. airways, telecommunication, power & water system are available in the state.
Opportunities in Jharkhand

The state is richly endowed with fertile soil, abundant water and fertile climate, low cost labour, which creates favourable platform for agro based industries. These industries have vast potentials in the state for generating additional employment & earning foreign exchange for the country. The state has linkages. This ultimately gives immense scope for preservation of unsold perishable agricultural products. The govt. aims to harness these potentials by way of developing agro-based industries.
Agro-based industries
Investment potential in cattle feed, forest products, sericulture, lac-cultivation, floriculture, horticulture etc is available in the state to a large extent.
Productivity Enhancement
Scope for the following:
Tissue culture products
Seeds & planting materials
Fruits & vegetable processing
Bio-technological process and products
Opportunities
Grain handling & storage
Creating food processing facilities
Producing juices,pulps,extracts of fruits & vegetables, canned fruits & vegetables.
Brined, pickled and pasteurized
Cold chain infrastructure for perishable fruits, vegetables.

National and International market of horticulture produce from Jharkhand

Horticulture Produce National Market International Market
Fruits Litchi,Mango,Amla,Jackfruit,Custard Apple,Tamarind Mango, Litchi, Amla, Tamarind
Vegetables Peas, Bean,Tomato,Cauliflower,Chilly,Cucumber,Ladies finger Parwal,Onion,Dhania Leaves
Ornamental Plants Rose,Gladiolus,China Easter,Rajanigandha, Orchid,Gerbera,Dahlia Rose,Gladiolus,Orchid,Gerbera
Mushroom & spices Oyster & Button Mushroom, Ginger & Turmeric Button Mushroom, Tumeric

A comparative study of vegetable productions in Jharkhand & India on the basis of Area, production and productivity

Vegetables

Area(Hectares)

Production (Ton)

Productivity (ton/hq)

  India Jharkhand India Jharkhand India Jharkhand
Brinjal 434202 8190 64433062 98000 14.84 11.96
Cabbage 218381 5510 3861684 82000 17.68 14.88
Cauliflower 220025 9075 2473987 136000 11.24 14.98
Ladies Finger 430525 15385 4031811 154000 9.36 10.00
Onion 393500 5296 4080000 79000 10.32 14.91
Green Peas 223965 - 2341313 - 10.45 -
Tomato 355684 11091 5441967 183000 15.30 10.99
Pumpkin 8700 - 10400 - - 11.95
Green chilly - 4021 - 4100 - 10.19
Others 1948165 12724 24077438 196000 12.36 15.0



 

 

 

A comparative study of fruit productions in Jharkhand & India on the basis of Area, production and productivity

Fruits

Area(Hectares)

Production (Ton)

Productivity (Ton/Heq)

  India Jharkhand India Jharkhand India Jharkhand
Mango 128303 6040 10810357 61000 8.43 10.09
Leechi 48570 791 364613 6000 7.51 150.11
Guava 131625 3313 1501296 33000 11.41 9.96
Banana 433019 995 13095087 8000 30.24 10.32
Papaya 60921 4332 1327668 43000 21.83 9.92
Lemon 454082 3316 3998271 43000 8.37 12.96
Jackfruit - 4096 - 41000 - 10.00
Others 574280 2543 7148052 25000 12.45 9.83

Availability of Horticulture Produce in Preserved food market in Jhatkhand

Produce Preserved Food
Amla Chawanprash, Candy, Jam, Pickle & Dry Beverages
Mango Pickle, Beverages, Packing Tin, Jam, Packed Fruits
Guava Jelly, Beverages, Toffees
Leechi Leechi Nut, Beverages, Packed Fruit
Jackfruit Pickle, Packed Seeds, Dry Fruit
Pear Jam, Packed Slice
Custard Apple Dry Churan
Tamarind Dry Fruits, Churan of Seeds
Tomato Ketchup, Pulp
Bean Pickle, Packed Fruit
Cauliflower Pickle, Packed Fruit
Cabbage Packed Food
Cucumber Packed Slice
Peas Packed Food Preserver in Salted Matter